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Name Peter Meyer
Location US statistics agency, Washington, DC, USA

My academic fields include research on invention, innovation, and occupational definitions (which turned out to be relevant to measuring tech innovation quantitatively).

I was a software developer making a database and word processor called Q&A at Symantec Corp for some years. I immersed myself in the Silicon Valley phenomena as much as possible. Then I went into economics to address some challenges and issues I was curious about, and got a PhD in economics at Northwestern University. Now I'm a researcher at a statistics agency in the US national government (and will give more detail when open scientific collaboration in this format is more accepted there).

Examining citations and disputes

This table lists works that dispute the methods, data, findings, or conclusions of other works.

Second workDisputesSubject
Does High Public Debt Consistently Stifle Economic Growth? A Critique of Reinhart and RogoffGrowth in a time of debtEconomics
Efficient lysis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytesA diffusible lymphokine produced by CD8+ T lymphocytesMedicine
RETRACTED: Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in childrenIleal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in childrenMedicine
Suppression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication by CD8+ cells: evidence for HLA class I-restricted triggering of cytolytic and noncytolytic mechanismsA diffusible lymphokine produced by CD8+ T lymphocytesMedicine
The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime: CommentThe Impact of Legalized Abortion on CrimeEconomics
latest broadcast to teammates on this project

Good. I added that info:

Nice example. This study was readable, not impossibly complicated. They did about 430 surgeries of each type, spread over 40+ institutions, and watched the patients for years afterward. Recovery was faster and scarring less with laparoscopy. Other outcomes were similar. I appreciated the big sample size, duration, etc.

A phrase Dennis used caught my interest: that the Lacy et al study was (I inferred) an important *predecessor* to this one. This is a slightly different relation between works than we talked about before. A commentator might say that study A is an important predecessor to study B even in some cases where B does not cite A. So this is an element of commentary not only a straight fact from the author. (Same issue arises in patents which I have studied. Patents cite earlier patents, but it's not clear which earlier information was actually relevant, which things are cited strategically by the patent-applicant, which ones are added by other commentators, etc. The idea-history is clouded by various agendas.)

Anyway now there are three relations between papers that a commentator can record: B uses methods/data/findings from A ; A is a significant predecessor to B ; or, most interestingly, B disputes A.

For disputes, there is now a report on all the papers that dispute a particular one. The report can be pasted in to any wiki-summary and will report on papers that Now this one has a report showing another paper that dispute it: I just added a second disputing paper, and after some kind of background database process runs, the second one will appear on this report. (I think so anyway. There are mysteries and gremlins in there.)

It would be easy to add more relations between papers and reports on them. Software systems could then read trees of relationships between scientific works that are not just "B cites A".

I can't see how to make it look elegant on this site. I would like to make a single report that summarizes all such relations for a particular paper (predecessors ; uses methods/data/findings of ; disputes findings of). Might be possible. This wanders further yet into "semantics" and computer stuff, and projects like these can get lost in the weeds there. What's the scientific agenda again? Talk to you at 4.

Results of meeting:

  • PMCID means PubMed Central, and that the paper's TEXT is available for free access. YES we want to use PMCIDs when we can. They are not automatic hyperlinks so it may take some fidgeting.
  • Category: Retracted --- A special class, more definitive than "dispute".
  • Hilda Bastien is manager of PubMed and will be at the WikiConference in NYC. We want to show these capabilities.
  • They would like comments to be public ; perhaps we can inherit something from them
  • see PMID 2340227 = PMCID PMC3814821
  • try the Wikidata games at
  • next call is June 5

Technical needs on AcaWiki

  • Footnotes!! The Cite extension has been pretty easy to install in my experience. I'll ask somebody to do it if a tech person self-identifies. I could do it, if I had access.
  • Rebuild the search index -- searches sometimes crash. I'll add examples here if I run across another one.

On user-tinkerers innovation

I have hosted some sites for academic content, mostly my own writeups, and could copy those here:

For now here are lists of content potentially to be added, following the design of Mako who listed his own summaries:

  • Abernathy and Utterback, 1978 "Patterns of industrial innovation."
  • Alexander et al., 1977. A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction by Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa and Murray Silverstein.
  • Baetjer, 1998. Software as Capital: An Economic Perspective On Software Engineering by Howard Batjer, Jr.
  • Baldwin and Clark, 2000. Design Rules, vol 1: The Power of Modularity by Carliss Y. Baldwin and Kim B. Clark.
  • Christiansen, 1997. The Innovator's Dilemma by Clayton M. Christensen.
  • Coleman, 2005. "Three Ethical Moments in Debian" by E. Gabriella Coleman.
  • Cringely, 1992. Accidental Empires, by Robert X. Cringely.
  • Dosi, 1988. Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation, by Giovanni Dosi.
  • Helgesen, 2008. "The Practical Wisdom of Ikujiro Nonaka" by Sally Helgesen.
  • Kaplan, 1994. Startup: a Silicon Valley adventure by Jerry Kaplan.
  • Kelty, 2008. Two Bits: The Cultural Significance of Free Software by Christopher M. Kelty.
  • Kidder, 1981. The Soul of a New Machine by Tracy Kidder.
  • Landes, 1969. The Unbound Prometheus by David S. Landes.
  • Levy, 1984. Hackers: heroes of the computer revolution by Steven Levy.
  • Melian, 2007. Progressive Open Source by Catharina Melian.
  • Meyer, 2007. "Network of tinkerers" by Peter Benjamin Meyer.
  • Mokyr, 1990. The Lever of Riches by Joel Mokyr.
  • Moody, 2001. Rebel Code: The Inside Story of Linux and the Open Source Revolution by Glyn Moody.
  • Nelson and Winter, 1982. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change by Richard R. Nelson and Sidney G. Winter.
  • Nuvolari, 2004 Collective Invention during the British Industrial Revolution: the Case of the Cornish Pumping Engine
  • Pavlicek, 2000 Embracing Insanity: open source software development by Russell C. Pavlicek.
  • Perez, 2002. Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital by Carlota Perez.
  • Rogers, 1995. Diffusion of Innovations by Everett M. Rogers, 4th edition.
  • Rosenberg, 1982. Exploring the black box: technology, economics, and history by Nathan Rosenberg. 1982-1995.
  • Rosenberg, 1994. Inside the black box: technology and economics by Nathan Rosenberg.
  • Rosenberg, 1996. Uncertainty and Technological Change, by Nathan Rosenberg.
  • Rosenberg, 2007. Dreaming in Code by Scott Rosenberg.
  • Shapiro and Varian, 1999. Information Rules: a strategic guide to the network economy by Carl Shapiro and Hal R. Varian.
  • Stoneman, 2002. The Economics of Technological Diffusion by Paul Stoneman.
  • Tushman and Anderson, 1986. Technological Discontinuities and Organizational Environments.
  • Tushman and Anderson, 1991.
  • von Hippel, 2005. Democratizing Innovation by Eric von Hippel.
  • Weber, 2004. The Success of Open Source by Steven Weber.
  • Williams, 2002. Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software by Sam Williams.


On occupations

  • Bertillon JASA 1893
  • Gannett PASA 1895
  • Wright, with Hunt (1900) The History and Growth of the United States Census
  • Hunt, William C. (JASA, June 1909) The Federal Census of Occupations
  • Edwards (1911)
  • Edwards (June 1917, PASA) Social-Economic Groups of the United States
  • Edwards (1933)
  • Webb, 1939
  • Edwards, Alba M. 1941. Occupation and Industry Statistics. Journal of the American Statistical Association 36:215. pp. 387-392.
  • Edwards (1943) Comparative occupation statistics for the United States, 1870 to 1940
  • Durand, 1948, The Labor Force in the United States: 1890-1960
  • Hauser, 1949, The Labor Force and Gainful Workers--concept, measurement,and comparability
  • Hauser, 1950, Some aspects of methodological research in the 1950 Census
  • Hauser, 1954, Changes in the labor-force participation of the older worker
  • Census, Occupational Characteristics, 1960
  • Coale and Stephan (1962)
  • Alterman, 1969
  • Griffen (1972)
  • Katz (1972)
  • Bureau of the Census (1975) The Census Bureau, a numerator and denominator for measuring change.
  • Historical Statistics, 1975
  • Anderson Conk (1978, JIH)
  • Sharlin (1978)
  • Anderson Conk (1980) The US Census and Labor Force Change: a history of occupation statistics, 1870-1940
  • Anderson (1988) The American Census: a social history
  • Reviews of Anderson (1988)
  • Ruggles and Menard, 1990
  • Abel and Folbre, 1990
  • Goldin, 1990
  • Margo, 1992
  • Moen (1994) in Historical Methods
  • Sobek and Dillon, 1995, in Historical Methods
  • Ventresca, 1995
  • Anderton, Barrettt, and Bogue, 1997
  • Bose (2001) Women in 1900
  • Hacker Ruggles Foroughi Jarvis Sargent 1999 on IPUMS 1860 and 1870
  • Anderson (2002 JSH) review of Bose (2001)
  • Levenson and Zoghi (2006)
  • Thorvaldsen (2006)
  • Historical Statistics (2006)
  • Historical Statistics (2006) on American Indians
  • Historical Statistics (2006) on Labor
  • Sobek (2006)
  • Evan Roberts (2007) dissertation
  • Anderson (2008, SSH)
  • Haugen 2009 on measures of labor underutilization from the CPS
  • Historical Methods journal