Suppression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication by CD8+ cells: evidence for HLA class I-restricted triggering of cytolytic and noncytolytic mechanisms

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Available here: PMID 9060675 Citation: Yang OO, Kalams SA, Trocha A, Cao H, Luster A, Johnson RP, Walker BD. (Apr 1997) Suppression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication by CD8+ cells: evidence for HLA class I-restricted triggering of cytolytic and noncytolytic mechanisms. J Virol. (Volume 71(4):3120-8) (RSS)
DOI (original publisher): 9060675 PMID 9060675
Semantic Scholar (metadata): 9060675 PMID 9060675
Sci-Hub (fulltext): 9060675 PMID 9060675
Internet Archive Scholar (fulltext): Suppression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication by CD8+ cells: evidence for HLA class I-restricted triggering of cytolytic and noncytolytic mechanisms
Download: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9060675
Tagged: Medicine (RSS)

Summary (Abstract)

Although CD8+ lymphocytes in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals have been demonstrated to suppress viral replication, the mechanisms of inhibition have not been defined precisely. A large body of evidence indicates that these cells act via soluble inhibitory factors, but the potential role of HLA class I-restricted cytolysis has remained controversial. Here we demonstrate that HIV-1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) mediate antiviral suppression by both cytolytic and noncytolytic mechanisms. The predominant mechanism requires direct contact of CTL with the infected cells, is HLA class I restricted, and can achieve complete elimination of detectable virus in infected cell cultures. Inhibition occurs even at high multiplicities of infection or at ratios of CTL to CD4 cells as low as 1:1,000. The other mechanism is mediated by soluble inhibitory factors which are triggered in an antigen-specific and HLA-restricted fashion but then act without HLA restriction. These include MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and RANTES, as well as a distinct factor(s) capable of inhibiting HIV-1 strains insensitive to these chemokines. These data indicate that HIV-1-specific CTL are potent mediators of HIV-1 suppression at cell ratios existing in vivo and demonstrate an antigen-specific trigger for CD8+ cell-derived soluble inhibitory factors. These results suggest that CTL play an important role in the observed antiviral activity of CD8+ cells from infected individuals.


Commentary

This work disputes the findings of source A diffusible lymphokine produced by CD8+ T lymphocytes.. Finding here: HIV-1-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes predominantly mediate antiviral activity through contact-mediated killing and not cytokine production (Figure 4)