The Socioeconomic Attainments of Second-Generation Nigerian and Other Black Americans: Evidence from the Current Population Survey, 2009 to 2019
Citation: Arthur Sakamoto, Ernesto F. L. Amaral, Sharron Xuanren Wang, Courtney Nelson The Socioeconomic Attainments of Second-Generation Nigerian and Other Black Americans: Evidence from the Current Population Survey, 2009 to 2019.
DOI (original publisher): 10.1177/23780231211001971
Semantic Scholar (metadata): 10.1177/23780231211001971
Sci-Hub (fulltext): 10.1177/23780231211001971
Internet Archive Scholar (search for fulltext): The Socioeconomic Attainments of Second-Generation Nigerian and Other Black Americans: Evidence from the Current Population Survey, 2009 to 2019
Wikidata (metadata): Q106369708
Between 1960 and 2020 the immigrant share of the US Black population has increased from 0.7%/0.7% (first/second generation) to 10%/8%. The socioeconomic attainment of second-generation US Asian and Hispanic populations have been extensively studied, but authors say "demographic studies using representative data on second-generation blacks are still very scarce." Authors aim to help fill this research gap by "investigating racial, ethnic, and generational socioeconomic differentials using data from the Current Population Survey (CPS)" with a primary focus on second generation Nigerian Americans, defined as "U.S.-born individuals who identify as African American/black and who have at least one parent who was born in Nigeria."
Dependent variables: highest level of educational attainment completed (controls: age, age squared, and disability status), hourly wage.
Sample sizes for educational attainment of males aged 25 to 54: 109 second-generation Nigerian Americans, 1,083 other second-generation black Americans, 22,363 third-generation [or greater] African Americans, 10,408 Hispanics, 6,569 second-generation whites, 149,223 whites, and 5,805 second-generation Asians. For women aged 25 to 54: 89 second-generation Nigerian Americans, 1,315 other second-generation black Americans, 29,548 third-generation [or greater] African Americans, 11,772 Hispanics, 6,693 second-generation whites, 157,332 whites, and 5,771 second-generation Asians. (See paper for sample sizes for hourly wages, they look similar.)
Authors find that second generation Blacks have better socioeconomic attainments than third (or greater) generation Blacks, but second generation Nigerian Americans have better educational attainment than any other group, and may have reached earning parity with whites.
Theoretical and Practical Relevance
"we emphasize that future research should investigate all discernable groups in the African American/black category to better appreciate its heterogeneity."
"Future research should investigate the sources of the high socioeconomic attainments of second-generation Nigerian Americans. Selective immigration of more highly educated first-generation immigrants is likely an important factor."
"How Nigerian American families foster these high levels of educational aspirations might be investigated in future research."